The Nativity. Description, origin and history of the holiday

Say, before Christmas start ringing bells of heaven, praising God for the birth of His Son, Jesus Christ. And with each new blow of such bells heavenly grace is posted in our sinful world, and the angels are growing wings.

New year and Christmas – two bright family holiday celebrated by many people throughout the Earth. This is a special night of reconciliation. when wishing each other good. Various Christian religious denominations celebrate Christian Christmas in the middle of winter from December 25 (the Catholics) to January 7 (Orthodox). Christmas is a holiday that means a lot to people, he does not pass without a trace of a man who at least once heard about the life of Jesus Christ and his sacrifice for the people.

The Directors of world renown make films about Christmas, artists paint, which then become the masterpieces of world art, poets make poems about the great mystery of the birth of the Savior.

The night before Christmas is the brightest and the purest time when every person needs to forgive the indiscretions, to be cleansed before the people, asking for forgiveness for their sins and become a little bit lighter, kinder, thereby approaching to the Creator.

Every holiday, secular or religious, has a history.

The history of the holiday or the Night of Christmas eve.

Most detail about the birth of Jesus Christ tells us in Luke:

“Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, to be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child. While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born, and gave birth to her Firstborn Son, and wrapped Him in swaddling clothes, and laid Him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the Inn.”

(Luke, 2:4-7)

In a time when Mary was destined to give birth to a baby, took a census of the Roman Empire by Emperor Augustus. Joseph and Mary went to Bethlehem because the same decree of the Emperor to facilitate census every resident had to come in “my” city. Both, Mary and Joseph were from the line of David, so they had to go to Bethlehem.

After Mary and Joseph are unable to reside in a hotel, as all the seats were occupied, they were forced to spend the night in the cave, intended for shelter on the night of cattle. It is in this cave (later called the Cave of the Nativity) Mary went into labor. She gave birth to a son, whom he called by the sign of Jesus.

After the birth of Jesus, he came to worship the shepherds who received the bright news from the angel. The gospel of Matthew, in the sky at that time, lit up the miraculous star that led to Jesus by the wise men (Magi). As a gift to the Baby, the shepherds gave frankincense, gold and myrrh. The news of the birth of the Messiah spread throughout Judea.

Learning about the birth of a New King, king Herod ordered to kill all male infants under two years old. But Jesus escaped the sad fate because Joseph was warned by an angel who told him to flee from the massacre in Egypt where the Holy Family lived until the death of Herod.

The mystery of the birth of Jesus Christ gives rise to many questions: where was Jesus born? When Jesus Christ was born?

Where and when was Jesus born?

As wonderful as this for the modern man, but the ancient Jews considered the day of birth of a person is the beginning of the pains and sorrows, so birthday was not celebrated as a holiday. This was the reason to set the date of birth of Jesus Christ it is not possible. Jesus was born in Bethlehem, where Mary and Joseph came to the census. Set the approximate date of Christ’s birth is only possible through a variety of related dates, of any event, boards of emperors or kings.

Based on all studies, Jesus was born somewhere between 7 and 5 years BC. First date of birth 25 December) are listed in the annals of Sextus Julius, dated 221 G. However, there are other preconditions to the establishment of the real date of Christ’s birth. This is the period from 12 to 7 BC In this period there was Halley’s comet, which could be called the star of Bethlehem. In the same period was carried out only census. Notable is the fact that Jesus was born during the reign of king Herod who died in 4 BC, So Jesus Christ could only have been born before 4 B. C., not later, otherwise at the time of execution he would be too young.

According to research by Robert D. Myers, the Bible does not contain the date of the birth of Jesus. However, there are words of Luke, who says that “on the field at that time were the shepherds who watched their flock”. This suggests that Jesus was born either in the summer or early fall, because in December in Judea it was quite cold and rainy. Consequently, the shepherds would graze herds in the fields.

Early Christian tradition has combined the feast of the Epiphany ( 6 January ), Christmas and Epiphany, which later became the various holidays.

Christmas Traditions

Of course, the main tradition of Christmas is a decorated spruce. This custom is known from the eighth century and came to us from Germany. The first mention of the Christmas tree is associated with the personality of St. Boniface. When the monk Boniface was reading the druids (fans of the trees) the preaching about Jesus Christ and Christmas, we convinced them that the oak is a sacred tree. To prove his words, Boniface cut down the tree. Falling, oak broke all the trees of their foliage, not broken, only one fir. Monk saw in this event a miracle, and she said, “Let there be a fir tree of Christ.” This is why Christmas in Germany is celebrated by the planting of young trees.

The symbols of Christmas are also evergreen wreath with candles, bells – a symbol of Heavenly Bells and casting out unclean spirits, Christmas cards, Christmas carols, candles. The twelve days of holidays from Christmas to Epiphany, decided to give their loved ones gifts, rejoice and sing Christmas songs.

Slavic peoples are often guessing at Christmas, especially young girls at the constriction. Make wishes and dreams, which, according to legend, will come true. In some villages in the night before Christmas build “wells” from branches. Tops “the well” put a small hinged clasp that bedtime slam. Key girl puts under the pillow. proposing to fiance came for a drink of water from a well, and the well sealed. The key must have intended to take: come betrothed, the girl the key is to ask, and they will meet again.

There is another tradition. To things in the house were carried out and the family was always in new clothes, on Christmas eve (6 January), you should shift the things in the shelves on the shelves, swapping of places. Then, according to the beliefs of the family living in this house, will be able to buy new things.

Furthermore, in the Holy Night of 6 January, it is customary to visit friends and relatives with songs, carols, to congratulate you all a happy Christmas, wishing prosperity and goodness.

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