The Golden gate of Colombia
Barranquilla ( Spanish Barranquilla ), the local name of Curramba-La-Lingerie — the largest industrial and industrial center of Colombia. one of the main ports of the Caribbean, the capital of the Department of atlántico a municipality located in the Northwest of the country, 80 km East of Cartagena. Cartagena). Lying 13 km up from the mouth of the Magdalena river (Spanish Rio Madalena), which flows into the Caribbean sea. the city is a sea and river port.
Barranquilla became the first port in the country, resulting in the nickname of the “Colombian Golden gate” (Spanish La Puerta de Oro de Colombia).
With a population of 1.88 million people, the city is the 4th largest in the country (after Bogota. Medellin and Cali ). The city is reputed to be the cradle of Colombian aviation (in Barranquilla was constructed first on the South American continent airport) and colorful Colombian Carnival. It is from here that the famous Colombian coffee is exported by sea anywhere in the world. In addition to coffee, the main products of exports are cement, chemicals and textile industries.
To date, there is no exact information about the date of Foundation of Barranquilla, but the first mention of the city dates back to 1620 year, as a small trading posts on the shores of the Magdalena. But local residents believe the day of the founding of the city April 7, 1813, the day when the settlement was officially declared a village. Originally Barranquilla was a small village, inhabited by traders, craftsmen and fishermen. According to official 1834 census in Barranquilla there were slightly more than 11 thousand people. Until the late nineteenth century. vessels carrying cargo on the river Magdalena. as the port used seaside city of Cartagena. In those days the river Delta was quite difficult for the courts, but special hydrotechnical works produced in the late nineteenth century dramatically changed the situation for the better. Harbor construction Barranquilla simultaneously with the ongoing activities on the regulation of DNA contributed to the rapid transformation of the city into the largest Colombian port.
During the both world wars Barranquilla was considered emigrant a haven for immigrants from Europe, Asia and the Middle East.
The main attractions of the city
City Cathedral Queen Mary (Spanish la Catedral de María Reina de Barranquilla) is a majestic Roman Catholic Church, built in the art Nouveau style. The building, an unusual shape of a bell, was erected in 1955 by the Italian architect Angelo Mazzoni Grande.
The temple can accommodate up to 4 000 people In the center area of the Cathedral housed a marble altar on which is a bronze plaque depicting the celebration of the Trinity. The interior is decorated with paintings by Italian artists on religious subjects. Near the Cathedral is a small chapel, worship services which are held daily.
Located in the city stadium ” Metropolitano Roberto Melendez “. Metropolitano Roberto Melendez Stadium), built in 1986 to the world Cup (although, in the end, he was held in Mexico), is a Colombian football arena. It is the “Metropolitano”, which covers an area of 7.2 km2, is the home stadium for the Colombian national team and football club «Atletico Junior». Atlético Junior). Today “Metropolitano Roberto Melendez”, whose capacity for 50 thousand spectators, is used for local and international football tournaments.
In the historical centre of the city lies the small Caribbean cultural Park dedicated to the history of the Caribbean coast of the country. The Park has a Caribbean Museum, art gallery, children’s library, theatre, conference room, several playgrounds and, of course, a special green zone.
In this Park there are several dozen species of trees occurring in Colombia. In the green zone, the townspeople love picnics.
In the leafy suburb airport Valledupar. Valledupar airport) bearing the name of Alfonso lópez Pumarejo. AlfonsoLópez Pumarejo), the Colombian President, who held the post in 1934 — 38 and 1942 — 45 of the last century.
The Magdalena river (Spanish Río Madalena) — the largest river in Colombia (1550 km), taking origin in the Andes. it flows in the West of Colombia. In Barranquilla the river flows into the Caribbean sea. Magdalena is navigable in its lower reaches built a navigable channel leading to the city — the port of Cartagena.
Very popular among vacationers is a resort ” Parque del Sol “, located on the Magdalena river, which is known for its river beach ” Fanabe “. Playa de Fanabe). The beach is striking purity and beauty: here grow tall beautiful palm trees unusually pure Golden sand. For the convenience of tourists on the beach there are several bars offering fresh fruit juices and refreshing cocktails. It is a favorite place of drivers from many countries, which attract the local beauty of the underwater world.
Most importantly, in the “Parque del Sol” you can relax all year round because the temperature here never drops below +32°C!
Once in Barranquilla, be sure to visit the city zoo, spread over an area of about 2 Hectares. In the zoo contains more than 500 animals, most of which belong to the fauna of Colombia. and about 150 animals belong to exotic species, they are imported from Asia, Africa and Latin American countries. There is also an extensive serpentarium with rare species of amphibians and reptiles. Barranquilla zoo — the participant of the state program for the conservation and replenishment of endangered and rare species of Colombia.
In the vicinity of the city tourists with interest to visit the House-Museum of the poet Julio Flores (Spanish Julio Flores), who in 1923 was awarded the title of national poet for his significant contribution to Columbian literature. And in 2002, the House-Museum of the poet received the status of national heritage.
This house built in the second half of the nineteenth century poet bought 11 April 1910 where he lived with his family, wife and 5 children. In 1934, after the death of Julio Flores, his widow went to Barranquilla, leaving the house of a niece of the poet, Marie de Camargo Robledo, so that she was looking after him, keeping the surroundings, belongings and original copies of his most famous works.
Of great interest is the Museum of modern art, the first art Museum in Barranquilla, opened in 1974, the Museum displays a rich collection of works of Latin American art, here are paintings by modern artists, and artists of the twentieth century from Colombia, Cuba and Mexico.
However, the hallmark of Barranquilla, of course, is the famous Carnival “El Joselito” (Spanish Joselito El) or « the Carnival of Barranquilla » (Conf. El Carnaval de Barranquilla), which usually begins 4 days before ash Wednesday and is known as one of the most popular carnivals on the planet. “El Carnaval de Barranquilla” is the best carnivals of the world, and in 2003 it was declared a UNESCO cultural heritage of humanity.
The Famous Carnival “El Joselito”
Barranquilla is not for nothing is the title of the successor of the traditional Colombian culture, the city is known for its feasts and parties with mind-blowing Latin American dances. The fashion carnivals in South America have entered the Spanish conquistadors. Initially, the Colombian Carnival was held in Cartagena, but in 1888 it was moved to Barranquilla, becoming from that time the most important cultural event of the city, not inferior in magnitude to the famous Carnival in Rio. In early March, going on 4-day festival, these days nobody works here, all the residents in the picturesque costumes of almost round-the-clock partying in the streets.